- crimeW2S2 [kraım] n[Date: 1200-1300; : Latin; Origin: crimen 'judgment, accusation, crime']1.) [U]illegal activities in general▪ We moved here ten years ago because there was very little crime.▪ Women commit far less crime than men.▪ Police officers are being given new powers to help combat crime .▪ the reasons why people turn to crime▪ The town has a relatively low crime rate .▪ The latest crime figures show a drop in the number of robberies.▪ We need to focus more on crime prevention .▪ Violent crime is on the increase in the city.▪ There has been a rise in serious crime in the area.▪ He became involved in petty crime as a teenager.▪ a police crackdown on car crime▪ Street crime was rising rapidly in the Russian capital.▪ a new support group for victims of crime▪ Politicians are trying to appear tough on crime .▪ the latest novel by crime writer Ed McBain2.)an illegal action, which can be punished by law▪ He insisted that he had not committed any crime .▪ Rape is a very serious crime .▪ men who have been found guilty of violent crimescrime against▪ Crimes against the elderly are becoming more common.▪ The City Council made it a crime to drink alcohol in the street.▪ Police are still busy hunting for clues at the scene of the crime (=where the crime happened) .3.) a life of crimewhen someone spends their life stealing and committing other crimes, in order to get money to live4.) the perfect crimea crime that no one knows has been committed, so no one can be punished for it5.) crime of passiona crime, especially murder, caused by sexual jealousy6.) crime against humanitya crime of cruelty against large numbers of people, especially in a war7.) crime doesn't payused to say that crime does not give you any advantage, because you will be caught and punished - used when warning people not to get involved in crime8.) [singular]something that someone is blamed or criticized for doing - use this when you think someone is treated very unfairly→↑sin▪ My only crime is that I fell in love with another girl.▪ Johnson's biggest crime was that he told the truth.9.) it's a crimespoken said when you think something is very wrong, and someone should not do it▪ It would be a crime to waste all that good food.▬▬▬▬▬▬▬COLLOCATES for sense 1commit crimecombat/fight crimeturn to crime (=start committing crimes)crime rate (=the amount of crime that happens somewhere)crime figures/statisticscrime preventionviolent crimeserious crimepetty crime (=crime that is not very serious)car crime British Englishstreet crimevictim of crimejuvenile/youth crime (=by children and teenagers)tough on crime (=always punishing crime severely)HINT sense 1Do not say 'make/do (a) crime'. Use commit : Young men are more likely to commit crime. She has committed a terrible crime.WORD FOCUS: crimecrimes that involve stealing things: robbery, burglary, theft, shoplifting, fraud, carjackingcrimes that involve attacking people : assault, mugging, murder, rapesomeone who commits crimes: criminal, thief, crook, burglar, mugger, robber, pickpocket, rapist, offender, lawbreakerSee also: criminal, offence, felony, misdemeanour, organized crime, war crime▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.